What is a Type B Personality?

Personality types come in various shapes and sizes, and one of the most commonly known personality types is the Type A personality. The Type A personality is known for its competitiveness, work obsession, and time-conscious nature. However, another personality type that is not as well-known is the Type B personality. It is an equally meaningful personality type that equally affects people’s behaviour and lifestyle. In this article, we will explore what a Type B personality is, its characteristics, and how it differs from the Type A personality.

What is Type B Personality?

The term Type B personality was first introduced in the 1950s by cardiologists Meyer Friedman and Ray Rosenman. They were conducting research about coronary heart disease and observed that not all their patients had the same personality type. They noticed a contrast between patients exhibiting aggressive, competitive, and perfectionistic traits (Type A) and another group that was not exhibiting such traits, which they termed as Type B personality.

People with a Type B personality are considered laid-back, relaxed, and flexible. They are unlikely to experience high levels of stress, tension, and anxiety. They may take things slow and steady and enjoy being easy-going. Unlike Type A personalities, Type B people are more inclined to view life as a journey rather than a race, and they may adopt a more sedentary lifestyle.

Characteristics of Type B Personality:

Just like any other personality types, Type B personalities possess specific unique characteristics that distinguish them from other personality types. Here are some common characteristics of Type B personalities:


One of the most notable features of a Type B personality is their casualness. They go with the flow and may not take things too seriously. They avoid being very rigid or uptight and are comfortable with an easy-going lifestyle.


Type B people are known for their flexibility and adaptability. They can adjust easily to change and handle challenges without getting overwhelmed. They are also open to trying new things and may enjoy exploring new places or experiences.


Type B personalities have a high level of tolerance and patience. They are unlikely to get agitated quickly, and they may handle stressful situations with calmness and composure.

Good Listeners:

Type B people are often good listeners who allow others to express themselves without interrupting. They listen attentively to others’ perspectives and are willing to compromise to reach a mutually beneficial solution.

Emotionally Stable:

Type B people are generally emotionally stable and are not easily swayed by circumstances. They may have a positive outlook on life and deal with negative emotions effectively.


Individuals with a Type B personality often possess a high level of creativity and can think out-of-the-box. They may enjoy art, music, and literature and may find fulfillment in artistic pursuits.

How Type B Personality differs from Type A Personality?

While Type A and Type B personalities may seem similar, there are significant differences between them. Here are some of the key differences:


Type A personalities are often goal-driven and competitive. They may be perfectionists in many aspects of their lives and may have a challenging time enjoying the process. On the other hand, Type B personalities take things slower and enjoy the journey. They are not as competitive and may not be driven by external rewards.


Type A individuals thrive in stressful situations and may even be addicted to stress. They are more likely to be involved in high-pressure jobs such as stockbrokers, CEOs, or attorneys. They may also experience high levels of stress and may be prone to stress-related health issues. Type B individuals, on the other hand, are comfortable in low-stress situations and may be happier in positions that are less demanding.

Time management:

Time management is another key difference between Type A and Type B personalities. Type A personalities are highly organized and efficient with their time. They may set ambitious goals for themselves and prioritize their work above anything else. Type B individuals may not value time as much as Type A individuals and may prioritize their personal life over their work life.


Type B personalities are often associated with laid-back attitudes, easy-going lifestyles, and flexibility. While they may not be as successful in high-pressure, competitive situations, they excel in more relaxed environments. Type B individuals may be less likely to be susceptible to health issues related to stress, and they may have better overall well-being. Understanding Type B personalities can help you appreciate their unique qualities and strengths and can help you understand how to work better in complementing them.


FAQ 1: What exactly is a Type B Personality?

Type B Personality is a temperament that is characterized by being relaxed, laid-back, and easy-going. Individuals with Type B personalities tend to enjoy a slower pace of life and tend to be less competitive and more cooperative than individuals with Type A personalities. They are also more tolerant of others and tend to have a more positive outlook on life.

FAQ 2: What are the key characteristics of a Type B Personality?

Some of the key characteristics of a Type B Personality include being relaxed, easygoing, less competitive, more cooperative, emotionally stable, and having a laid-back approach to life. They tend to be more creative, flexible, and open-minded, and they are more resilient in the face of stress than those with Type A personalities.

FAQ 3: Can people change from being a Type A Personality to a Type B Personality?

While it is possible for people to change their personalities over time, it is difficult to change from being a Type A Personality to a Type B Personality. Type A personalities tend to be highly driven and ambitious, which can be difficult to change. However, individuals can learn to incorporate some of the more calming and stress-reducing techniques that are associated with Type B personalities, such as mindfulness, meditation, and relaxation exercises, to achieve a more balanced approach to life.


1. American Psychological Association. (2020). Type B Personality. In APA dictionary of psychology. https://dictionary.apa.org/type-b-personality

2. Holmes, D. S., & Rahe, R. H. (1967). The social readjustment rating scale. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 11(2), 213-218. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3999(67)90010-4

3. Friedman, M., & Rosenman, R. H. (1959). Association of specific overt behavior pattern with blood and cardiovascular findings: Blood cholesterol level, blood clotting time, incidence of arcus senilis, and clinical coronary artery disease. Journal of the American Medical Association, 169(12), 1286-1296. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1959.03000240004002