Socially Awkward: Understanding and Overcoming Social Anxiety

Social awkwardness or social anxiety is a common phenomenon where people feel uneasy and uncomfortable in social situations. It is more than just shyness, as it can cause severe distress and interfere with daily life. Socially awkward individuals may find it difficult to make and maintain friendships, have difficulty initiating and sustaining conversations, and tend to avoid social events altogether. Fortunately, with proper understanding and treatment, social anxiety can be overcome. This article aims to provide insight into social anxiety and how it can be addressed.

Symptoms of Social Anxiety

Social anxiety can manifest itself in various ways, and the symptoms may differ from person to person. Some common indications of social anxiety include:

  • Excessive self-consciousness in social situations
  • Fear of being judged, criticized, or rejected by others
  • Avoiding or withdrawing from social interaction
  • Trouble making eye contact or speaking with others
  • Physical symptoms such as sweating, trembling, racing heart, and nausea in social situations
  • Difficulty eating or drinking in public
  • Fear of public speaking or performing in front of others

These symptoms can significantly impact a person’s ability to form and maintain relationships and can lead to feelings of depression, anxiety, and isolation.

Causes of Social Anxiety

While the precise cause of social anxiety is unknown, several factors have been attributed to it. These include:

  • Genetics: Research has shown that social anxiety can be passed down through generations, indicating that it could be inherited.
  • Environmental factors: Negative experiences, such as bullying or public humiliation, can lead to social anxiety in some people.
  • Brain chemistry: Imbalances in brain chemistry, such as low levels of serotonin, have been linked to social anxiety.
  • Personality: Shyness or introverted personality traits are associated with social anxiety.

Treatment for Social Anxiety

Fortunately, social anxiety can be treated. The most effective treatment approach depends on the individual and the severity of their symptoms. Some common treatment options for social anxiety include:

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)

CBT aims to change negative thought patterns and behaviors that cause social anxiety. CBT involves exposing the individual to anxiety-provoking situations and teaching them coping strategies to manage their anxiety. This treatment approach can be effective in reducing social anxiety symptoms.


Psychotropic medication, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), can be prescribed to people with social anxiety to reduce their symptoms. However, medication should not be relied upon as the only treatment option, as it is not a cure for social anxiety.

Lifestyle Changes

Lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, good nutrition, adequate sleep, and relaxation techniques like meditation, can also help reduce social anxiety symptoms. These changes can promote a healthy mental state, resulting in increased confidence and self-esteem.

Tips for Overcoming Social Anxiety

Here are some tips that can help individuals overcome their social anxiety:


It takes time and practice to overcome social anxiety. Individuals should start small, by gradually exposing themselves to challenging social situations. With each successful encounter, confidence increases and anxiety decreases.

Challenge Negative Thoughts

Negative self-talk can amplify social anxiety. Individuals should challenge their negative thoughts by asking themselves if there is any concrete evidence to support them. They should also try to identify positive aspects about themselves and focus on them.

Focus on Others

Individuals with social anxiety often focus too much on themselves and their anxiety, which can cause them to appear aloof or uninterested to others. Instead, they should shift their focus to the person they are speaking with or the situation at hand. They should ask questions, show interest, and engage with others.

Avoid Avoidance

Avoiding social situations only reinforces social anxiety. Individuals should try to attend social events, even if they feel anxious. The more they confront their fears, the more comfortable they will become in social situations.


Social anxiety is a common issue that can significantly impact a person’s daily life. Fortunately, there are various ways to manage social anxiety successfully. Treatment approaches such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, medication, and lifestyle changes can help reduce social anxiety symptoms. Moreover, individuals can also take proactive steps such as challenging negative thoughts, focusing on others, and confronting their fears by avoiding avoidance. Through patience, perseverance, and self-care, individuals can overcome social anxiety and lead fulfilling social lives.


What does it mean to be socially awkward?

Being socially awkward refers to the tendency to feel uncomfortable or out of place in social situations. It is often associated with shyness, anxiety, and difficulties in communication. People who are socially awkward may struggle to make small talk, maintain eye contact, or express themselves confidently in social situations.

How does social awkwardness affect people?

Social awkwardness can have a significant impact on a person’s personal and professional life. It may lead to social isolation, difficulty in forming meaningful relationships, and a lack of confidence in social situations. In some cases, it may even contribute to mental health issues such as anxiety and depression.

Can social awkwardness be overcome?

Yes, social awkwardness can be overcome with practice and patience. One effective strategy is to seek support from a mental health professional who can provide guidance on developing social skills and building confidence. Other helpful tips include joining social groups or clubs, practicing active listening, and focusing on positive self-talk. With time and effort, people who are socially awkward can learn to feel more comfortable and confident in social situations.


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3. Eskine, K. J. (2020). The neural basis of socially awkward behavior in adolescents. Developmental cognitive neuroscience, 44, 100804. (Eskine, 2020)