Social Anxiety When Teaching

It is not uncommon for teachers to experience social anxiety when teaching. Social anxiety disorder (SAD), also known as social phobia, is a persistent and intense fear of social situations, which can interfere with daily activities and can impact personal relationships and professional responsibilities. Teachers may experience these feelings, which can be challenging when managing a classroom and instructing students.

Symptoms of Social Anxiety in Teachers

The symptoms of social anxiety disorder can vary in severity and can be unique for each individual. Teachers who experience social anxiety may exhibit the following symptoms:

  • Excessive self-consciousness
  • Fear of criticism
  • Difficulty with eye contact
  • Trembling, sweating, or shaking
  • Difficulty speaking or communicating
  • Feeling uncomfortable in social situations
  • Increased heart rate or palpitations

These symptoms can interfere with a teacher’s ability to interact with their students, colleagues, and parents. Furthermore, they can negatively impact on student achievement and development. Social anxiety can prevent the teacher from being able to form appropriate relationships with students or colleagues and can lead to feelings of disconnection and isolation from others.

Causes of Social Anxiety in Teachers

The causes of social anxiety disorder can be varied and complex. A teacher’s social anxiety may stem from a variety of factors, including:

  • Past experiences with criticism or rejection
  • Fear of negative evaluation
  • High levels of self-criticism or perfectionism
  • Genetics
  • Imbalance of chemicals in the brain
  • Environmental factors such as childhood trauma or abuse

Furthermore, the high demands of a teaching job, including having to plan effectively, manage time, and multitask, can be the source of stress that can exacerbate feelings of social anxiety in teachers. Moreover, some teaching practices such as curriculum changes, student disruptions, or teacher evaluations, can add to a teacher’s anxiety levels.

Managing Social Anxiety in Teachers

Managing social anxiety as a teacher can be challenging, but there are several strategies that can help alleviate symptoms and increase confidence when teaching. These strategies include:

  • Identify and challenge negative thoughts and beliefs – Negative self-talk and thoughts can contribute to social anxiety. Teachers should explore their thoughts and challenge irrational beliefs.
  • Professional development and training – seeking professional training to enhance teaching skills and focusing on using new strategies to improve teaching and management skills can assist in alleviating anxiety levels.
  • Relaxation techniques – practicing relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, or mindfulness can help in reducing anxiety before or during teaching.
  • Effective planning and time management – Planning ahead to reduce additional stress during the school day can be useful. Teachers should schedule time for grading, parent meetings and other obligations and reduce the pressure that comes with last-minute scrambling.
  • Seeking support – Seeking social support such as talking to a trusted friend, therapist, or colleague can help reduce feelings of isolation, and provide an outlet to share concerns and seek feedback.
  • Exposure therapy – Gradual exposure therapy can help teachers to reduce anxiety levels and increase confidence in social situations. Exposure therapy involves gradually facing and practicing the situation in a safe and supported environment.

Teachers should be aware of their susceptibility to social anxiety, try to identify the primary causes and monitor the effects of social anxiety on their daily lives. They must consistently evaluate the strategies they are using and determine their effectiveness. Addressing the problem of social anxiety can enhance the quality of their work and life satisfaction, as the positive effects of effectively addressing social anxiety can extend beyond the classroom.


Social anxiety disorder can impact a teacher’s career and personal life significantly. However, teachers can take deliberate steps to manage their social anxiety symptoms, leading to reduced symptoms and improved functioning in their work and personal lives. Teachers must seek help when needed, practice effective stress-reducing techniques, self-examine, and continuously update their knowledge and skills. The more teachers utilize appropriate tools and strategies, the better equipped they are to navigate and overcome their social anxiety, leading to greater success professionally and personally.


FAQ 1: What is social anxiety when teaching?

Social anxiety when teaching refers to the fear or nervousness that educators experience when in social situations that involve teaching or presenting in front of students or a group of people. It is a form of anxiety that can impact a teacher’s ability to effectively deliver lessons.

FAQ 2: How does social anxiety when teaching affect educators?

When educators experience social anxiety when teaching, it can affect their ability to communicate effectively in front of students, negatively impact their confidence, and decrease the quality of teaching. Social anxiety can lead to feelings of embarrassment, self-doubt, and ultimately decrease the performance of teachers.

FAQ 3: Are there strategies educators can implement to manage social anxiety when teaching?

Yes, there are various strategies educators can implement to manage social anxiety when teaching, such as practicing relaxation techniques before class, using positive self-talk, preparing thoroughly for lessons, and seeking professional help from a mental health professional if needed. By implementing these strategies, educators can feel more confident and comfortable when teaching, leading to better teaching performance and outcomes.


1. American Psychological Association. (2013). Social anxiety disorder. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.).

2. Arrindell, W. A., & Emmelkamp, P. M. G. (2010). Social anxiety disorder. In J. D. Wright (Ed.), International encyclopedia of social and behavioral sciences (pp. 13943-13946). Elsevier.

3. Alden, L. E. (2001). Interpersonal perspectives on social anxiety. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 30(2), 29-40.