Schizophrenia in Men: Understanding the Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Support

Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental illness that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. It is a disorder that is commonly found in men and is known to manifest during early adulthood or the late teenage years. It is a serious and disabling condition that affects all areas of a person’s life, including work, home, and relationships.

What is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that is characterized by a distorted perception of reality. People with schizophrenia often experience delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking, and abnormal behaviors. Schizophrenia can affect men and women of all ages, but it is more commonly found in males.

What are the Symptoms of Schizophrenia?

The symptoms of schizophrenia in men can differ from person to person. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Delusions: False beliefs that are not based on reality
  • Hallucinations: Seeing or hearing things that are not present
  • Disorganized thinking: Difficulty connecting thoughts or expressing oneself in a coherent manner
  • Abnormal behaviors: Inappropriate or odd behavior that lacks social norms
  • Lack of motivation: Difficulty initiating or completing tasks

These symptoms can lead to significant impairment in daily life such as difficulty functioning in social, academic or occupational situations.

What Causes Schizophrenia?

The cause of schizophrenia is not fully understood, but it is believed to be a result of a combination of genetic, environmental, and biological factors, such as a chemical imbalance in the brain. Some of the risk factors associated with schizophrenia include:

  • Family history of schizophrenia
  • Disrupted brain development during early childhood
  • Exposure to viruses or infections in the womb or after birth
  • Drug abuse or excessive use of cannabis
  • Stressful life events
  • Environmental factors such as living environment and social isolation.

How is Schizophrenia Diagnosed?

Diagnosing schizophrenia requires a comprehensive evaluation, which includes a physical examination, psychiatric evaluation, a medical history, and laboratory tests. There is no one test that can determine whether someone has schizophrenia. However, doctors may use specific criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) to make a diagnosis.

What is the Treatment for Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a challenging condition to treat, but with early diagnosis and proper medical care, the symptoms can be managed. Treatment typically involves medications, psychological treatment, self-help, and support from family and friends. The following are the common treatments used for schizophrenia:

  • Antipsychotic medications: This helps to alleviate the symptoms of hallucinations and delusions.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT): This is a form of talk therapy that teaches people how to cope with their symptoms and manage their thoughts and behaviors in a more effective manner.
  • Social skills training: This therapy helps people with schizophrenia develop the skills they need to interact successfully with others.
  • Family therapy: This form of therapy helps to educate family members about schizophrenia and how to help loved ones cope with the illness.
  • Rehabilitation: This helps people with schizophrenia become more self-sufficient and improve their daily living skills.

How Can You Support Someone with Schizophrenia?

Supporting someone with schizophrenia can be challenging, but it is crucial for their mental health and wellbeing. Some things you can do to help include:

  • Communicate openly and honestly with them.
  • Encourage them to engage in self-help and personal development.
  • Encourage them to take their medication and attend therapy sessions.
  • Get involved in their treatment planning and medical care.
  • Arrange social and recreational activities that involve them and allow them to interact with others.
  • Empathize with their situation and understand their unique challenges.


Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that affects men more than women. It is a chronic and disabling condition that can manifest in early adulthood and affect all areas of a person’s life, including work, home, and relationships. The symptoms of schizophrenia in men include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking, abnormal behaviors, and lack of motivation, which can lead to significant impairment in daily life. Although the cause of schizophrenia is not fully understood, there are a variety of treatments available that can help manage symptoms, including medications, psychological therapies, social skills training, family therapy, and rehabilitation. With proper medical care, self-help, and support from family and friends, people with schizophrenia can achieve a higher quality of life and improve their overall health and wellbeing.


FAQs about Schizophrenia in Men

What are the common symptoms of schizophrenia in men?

Some of the common symptoms of schizophrenia in men include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech or behavior, and a lack of motivation or interest in daily activities. Men with schizophrenia may also experience problems with concentration, memory, and decision-making abilities.

What are the causes of schizophrenia in men?

The exact causes of schizophrenia are unclear, but it is believed that a combination of genetic and environmental factors can contribute to the development of the condition. Men who have a family history of schizophrenia, have experienced significant trauma or stress, or abuse drugs or alcohol are at a higher risk of developing the disorder.

How can schizophrenia in men be treated?

Schizophrenia in men can be treated through a combination of medication, therapy, and support from family and friends. Antipsychotic medication can help alleviate symptoms of schizophrenia, while therapy can help men develop coping strategies and improve their social and communication skills. It is important for men with schizophrenia to work closely with their healthcare team to find the best treatment plan for their individual needs.


Martin, J., and et al. (2019). “Sex differences in cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.” J Psychiatr Res, vol. 113, pp. 102-109. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2019.02.024

Gough, K., and et al. (2017). “Insight and attitudes towards medication and illness in men with schizophrenia.” Schizophr Res, vol. 183, pp. 76-82. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2016.11.019

Bora, E., and et al. (2019). “Sex differences in cognitive impairment in first-episode psychosis patients with and without schizophrenia.” Schizophr Res, vol. 208, pp. 215-219. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2019.01.013