Problem Solving Strategies: Techniques for Effective Decision Making


At some point in our lives, we have all faced problems that require logical and critical thinking to solve them. Problem-solving is an important skill that can be used in all aspects of life, from personal to professional scenarios. In this article, we will discuss some effective problem-solving strategies that you can apply to help overcome obstacles and make effective decisions.

What Is Problem Solving?

Problem solving refers to the process of finding solutions to problems that we encounter in our daily lives. It involves identifying the problem, gathering information, analyzing the options available, and selecting the best possible solution.

Why Is It Important to Develop Problem-Solving Strategies?

Problem-solving skills are essential in many areas of our lives, including personal relationships, education, and employment. They help us to make better decisions, overcome obstacles, and achieve our goals. Effective problem-solving strategies allow us to approach complex situations with a clear mind, and they help us to identify the underlying issues, defining possible solutions, and identifying the best course of action to take.

Problem Solving Strategies

Here are some effective problem-solving strategies that you can apply to overcome the obstacles in your daily life:

1. Identify the Problem

The first step in any problem-solving process is identifying the problem. This involves describing the situation and its impact on you, as well as defining specific goals to be achieved. A critical aspect of identifying the problem is to distinguish between the symptoms and the cause of the problem. This helps to define the problem accurately and develop effective solutions.

2. Gather Information

After identifying the problem, the next step is to gather information that provides a clear understanding of the situation. Collecting data, opinions and expert advice, and other relevant information will help in defining the problem and determining the possible solutions. It is important to ask questions to ensure that you have all the necessary information.

3. Analyze the Data

Analyzing the information you have gathered is vital in developing effective solutions. This involves critically evaluating the data, identifying patterns, and relationships and drawing conclusions from the information that you have gathered. You can use techniques such as SWOT analysis or mind mapping to make sense of the information you have.

4. Evaluate the Possible Solutions

After analyzing the data, you need to evaluate the possible solutions. This involves weighing the pros and cons of each solution and determining its strengths and weaknesses. You can use decision-making criteria to help you evaluate the solutions, such as cost, feasibility, and impact.

5. Choose the Best Solution

After evaluating the possible solutions, the next step is to select the one that is best suited to the problem at hand. Ensure that the solution meets the problem-solving criteria, and consider how it will impact the situation at hand. After selecting your solution, prepare an action plan outlining the steps that need to be taken to implement the solution.

6. Implement the Solution

Implementing the solution involves putting the action plan into practice. Ensure that the implementation process is well-executed, and monitor the results to determine if the solution is having the desired impact. You should also be open to refining the solution if necessary.

7. Evaluate the Results

After implementing the solution, it is important to evaluate the results. Determine if the problem has been solved and assess the impact of the solution on the situation at hand. This will help you learn from the experience and apply the lessons learned to future problem-solving scenarios.


Problem-solving is a critical skill that can be developed with practice and application. By using the problem-solving strategies outlined in this article, you can approach complex situations more effectively, identify the underlying issues, and select the best course of action. Remember that problem-solving is a process that involves identifying the problem, gathering information, analyzing the data, evaluating possible solutions, choosing the best solution, implementing it, and evaluating the results. With these problem-solving strategies, you can overcome obstacles and achieve your goals.


FAQ #1: What Are Problem Solving Strategies?

Problem Solving Strategies are a set of systematic approaches or methods used to identify, analyze, and solve a particular problem. It is an essential skill used by individuals and organizations to deal with challenges and achieve their goals. Some of the common strategies include brainstorming, root cause analysis, decision making, SWOT analysis, and many others.

FAQ #2: How Can Problem Solving Strategies Improve My Life?

Problem Solving Strategies can significantly improve your life by enabling you to handle challenges more effectively. By using these strategies, you can break down complex issues into manageable parts and develop solutions that are practical and sustainable. Additionally, problem-solving skills can boost your confidence, enhance your communication abilities, and make you more resilient in the face of adversity.

FAQ #3: What Are the Benefits of Learning Problem Solving Strategies?

Learning Problem Solving Strategies can bring numerous benefits to your personal and professional life. These include improved critical thinking, enhanced creativity, better decision making, and effective communication skills. Additionally, having advanced problem-solving skills can make you a valuable asset to any team or organization, as you’ll be able to solve complex problems and come up with innovative solutions.


1. Gick, M. L., & Holyoak, K. J. (1983). Cognitive psychology and problem solving: The study of human thinking. John Wiley & Sons.

2. Simon, H. A. (1957). Models of man: Social and rational: mathematical essays on rational human behavior in a social setting. John Wiley & Sons.

3. Newell, A., & Simon, H. A. (1972). Human problem solving. Prentice-Hall.