Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder Symptoms


Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD) is a common sexual problem characterized by a lack or absence of sexual desire, fantasies, and thoughts. It can affect men and women of all ages, though it is more prevalent among women. It can seriously impact an individual’s quality of life and relationships with their partners.


The primary symptom of HSDD is a persistent lack of interest in sexual activities or thoughts. Other symptoms include:

Decreased Sexual Fantasies: People suffering from HSDD experience a decline in their sexual fantasies or imaginations.

Reduced Arousal: Individuals with HSDD may experience reduced arousal in response to sexual stimulation.

Distress or Relationship Difficulty: HSDD can have a profound impact on relationships, causing deep emotional distress or difficulties with partners.

Physical Symptoms: People with HSDD may experience physical symptoms such as vaginal dryness and difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection.


The underlying cause of HSDD is multifactorial and may include psychological, social, medical, and hormonal factors. Here are the most common causes of hypoactive sexual desire disorder:

Hormonal Imbalance: A hormonal imbalance may lead to decreased sexual desire. These hormonal changes include testosterone, estrogen, progesterone, and thyroid abnormalities.

Psychological Disorders And Medications: Anxiety, depression, and stress are common psychological factors that may contribute to HSDD. Also, medications that affect the central nervous system may cause reduced sexual desire.

Medical Conditions And Treatments: Medical conditions that can cause HSDD include diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Lifestyle Factors: Unhealthy lifestyles, such as lack of exercise, obesity, smoking, excessive alcohol and drug consumption may lead to HSDD.


HSDD can significantly affect an individual’s quality of life and can affect relationships, leading to emotional distress. There are several treatments available to manage this condition, and they include:

Hormone Therapy: Hormone therapy may be suitable for individuals experiencing hormonal imbalances such as low testosterone or estrogen levels.

Counseling: Therapy is one of the most effective treatments for HSDD, particularly for individuals experiencing emotional or psychological problems that may be contributing to the loss of sexual desire.

Medications: There are medications available that increase sexual desire, but these medications may have side effects.

Lifestyle Changes: Improving an individual’s lifestyle through exercise, a healthy diet, quitting smoking and reducing alcohol and drug consumption can improve sexual functioning and overall sexual desire.


HSDD is a common sexual disorder that can cause emotional distress and impact relationships. It is essential to seek medical attention for the early diagnosis and treatment of the condition. Treatment options such as hormone therapy, counseling, medications and lifestyle changes are available and can help those affected by the condition restore their sexual functioning and overall well-being.


FAQs About Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder Symptoms

What are the most common symptoms of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder?

The most common symptoms of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder include a lack or absence of sexual thoughts, sexual desire, or sexual fantasies. The affected individual may also experience very low or no interest in sexual activity with a partner, reduced desire for sexual experiences that they used to enjoy, and an inability to achieve orgasms or sexual satisfaction.

What causes Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder?

There is no single cause of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder, and it can have both physical and psychological factors. Hormonal imbalances, low testosterone levels, and chronic health conditions such as diabetes or heart disease can contribute to the condition. Mental health issues such as depression, anxiety, and stress can also play a significant role in the development of the disorder.

How is Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder treated?

Treatment for Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder will depend on the underlying cause of the disorder. In some cases, hormone therapy, medications, or counseling may be recommended. Lifestyle changes such as improving diet and exercise habits, reducing stress, and quitting smoking may also be suggested. In some cases, a combination of treatments may be necessary to effectively manage the symptoms of the disorder.


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2. Basson, R. (2001). Human sex-response cycles. The Journal of Sex Research, 38(4), 302–315. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224490109552076

3. Kingsberg, S. A., & Janata, J. W. (2016). Clinical practice guideline for the evaluation and management of hypoactive sexual desire disorder in women. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 13(1), 36–53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2015.12.014