Enochlophobia: Overcoming The Fear Of Crowds

Enochlophobia, also known as ochlophobia, is the fear of crowds. It is a type of social anxiety disorder that can cause people to feel extreme discomfort, fear, and even panic in crowded situations. It can be a debilitating condition that can limit a person’s ability to participate in everyday activities. However, with the right help and support, it is possible to overcome enochlophobia and lead a normal life.

What Causes Enochlophobia?

Enochlophobia is usually caused by a combination of environmental and psychological factors. It can be triggered by a traumatic event that occurred in a crowd, or it can be the result of a negative experience with a large group of people. It can also be caused by the fear of being judged or rejected by others. In some cases, enochlophobia can be caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain that affects a person’s ability to cope with stressful situations.

Symptoms Of Enochlophobia

People with enochlophobia may experience a variety of physical and psychological symptoms. These can include rapid heartbeat, sweating, trembling, nausea, difficulty breathing, and a feeling of panic. They may also feel overwhelmed and anxious in crowded situations and avoid them altogether.

Treating Enochlophobia

Treating enochlophobia requires a combination of psychological and medical interventions. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is often used to help people understand and manage their fear of crowds. This type of therapy helps people to identify and challenge their negative thoughts and beliefs about crowds, and to develop coping strategies to help them manage their fear.

Medication may also be prescribed to help manage the physical symptoms of enochlophobia. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are commonly used to treat anxiety and depression, and can be effective in treating enochlophobia. It is important to speak to a doctor before taking any medication.

Self-Help Strategies For Enochlophobia

There are a number of self-help strategies that can be used to manage enochlophobia. These include:

  • Learning relaxation techniques such as deep breathing and progressive muscle relaxation.
  • Practicing mindfulness and meditation to help reduce stress and anxiety.
  • Taking part in activities that involve small groups of people.
  • Creating a calming environment at home.
  • Developing a support network of family and friends.
  • Limiting caffeine and alcohol intake.
  • Exercising regularly to relieve stress and improve overall wellbeing.

When To Seek Help

If enochlophobia is having a significant impact on your life, it is important to seek help. Speak to a doctor or mental health professional if you are experiencing intense fear or anxiety in crowded situations. They can provide advice and support, and may refer you to a therapist or counsellor who can help you to manage your fear.


Enochlophobia is a serious condition that can have a significant impact on a person’s life. However, with the right help and support, it is possible to manage and overcome this fear. A combination of psychological and medical interventions can help to reduce the symptoms of enochlophobia and enable people to lead a normal life.


What is enochlophobia?

Enochlophobia is an irrational fear of crowds or large groups of people.

What are the symptoms of enochlophobia?

Symptoms of enochlophobia can include feelings of anxiety, panic, fear, and dread when in a crowded situation. Physical symptoms may include increased heart rate, sweating, trembling, and difficulty breathing.

How is enochlophobia treated?

Treatment for enochlophobia may include cognitive-behavioral therapy, medication, relaxation techniques, and exposure therapy.


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3. Rachman, S., & Taylor, S. (1993). Enochlophobia: An analysis of its nature and treatment. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 21(3), 227-241. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1352465800010890