Depression in Employees

The global issue of mental health has become increasingly important in the workplace, particularly when it comes to depression in employees. Depression, also known as a major depressive disorder or clinical depression, is a common and serious medical condition that negatively affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. According to the World Health Organization, depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide, and it is estimated to affect more than 264 million people worldwide.

Symptoms and Causes

The symptoms of depression can vary from person to person, but common indicators include feeling sad, anxious, or empty, having difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much, experiencing low energy, and loss of interest or pleasure in activities that were once enjoyable. Other physical symptoms may include headaches, digestive problems, and chronic pain. Depression can be caused by various factors, including genetic factors, life events, hormonal imbalances, and certain medications.

The Impact of Depression in the Workplace

Depression can have a significant impact on an employee’s productivity, performance, and overall wellbeing in the workplace. Employees with depression may struggle to concentrate, make decisions, and complete tasks on time, leading to decreased productivity and quality of work. Depression can also cause physical symptoms such as fatigue and chronic pain, making it difficult for employees to perform their duties. Additionally, depression can negatively affect an employee’s relationships with coworkers and supervisors, increase absenteeism and turnover, and lead to decreased job satisfaction and morale.

Identifying Depression in Employees

Recognizing signs and symptoms of depression in employees is important for addressing and managing the condition. Employers should look out for employees who miss work frequently, consistently arrive late, are less productive or less interested in their work, or appear more irritable or anxious than usual. Employers should also listen to their employees and create a culture where employees feel comfortable discussing mental health concerns without fear of stigma or discrimination.

Supporting Employees with Depression

Employers can take steps to support employees with depression and help them manage their condition while maintaining productivity and quality of work. These steps include:

  • Providing resources for employees to access mental health support, such as employee assistance programs, counselling, or referrals to mental health professionals.
  • Creating a supportive and inclusive workplace culture, where employees feel safe and comfortable discussing mental health concerns and seeking support.
  • Flexible work arrangements, including part-time work, job sharing, or remote work, to accommodate employees’ individual needs and preferences.
  • Encouraging employees to take time off to seek treatment, including paid leave or other leave entitlements.
  • Providing training to managers and supervisors to help them identify and manage employees with depression, including how to talk to employees about mental health concerns, how to provide accommodations and support, and how to address any stigma or discrimination.


Depression is a significant issue in the workplace that can negatively impact employee productivity, performance, and wellbeing. Employers have an important role to play in supporting employees with depression, creating a culture of openness and inclusivity, and providing resources and accommodations to help employees manage their condition. By recognizing and addressing depression in the workplace, employers can improve the mental health and wellbeing of their employees, and build a more productive and supportive work environment.


FAQs about Depression in Employees

What are the signs of depression in employees?

Some signs of depression in employees may include fatigue, difficulty concentrating, changes in appetite or sleep patterns, decreased productivity, and a lack of interest or enjoyment in work. It is important to approach employees with care and concern if you notice any of these symptoms.

How can employers support employees with depression?

Employers can support employees with depression by offering confidential support programs, flexible work arrangements, and creating a positive work environment. It is important to communicate to employees that depression is a valid and treatable condition and that they will not be penalized for seeking help.

Why is addressing depression in employees important for businesses?

Addressing depression in employees is important for businesses as it can have a significant impact on productivity, employee engagement and can lead to high absenteeism rates. Furthermore, employers have a legal obligation to provide a safe and healthy work environment, which should include mental health support for employees. By promoting employee wellness, businesses can reduce the risk of burnout and turnover, leading to a happier and more productive workforce.


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